The additional protocol to the International Road Freight Contract (WRC) agreement for the e-car letter has been in effect since 2011. The following countries have ratified the e-CMR: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Iran, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, the Netherlands, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and Turkey. 1. In the legal proceedings resulting from transport under this agreement, the plaintiff may bring an action before a court of a contracting country appointed by mutual agreement between the parties and, in addition, before the courts of a country on whose territory: the United Nations International Road Freight Contract (WRC) Agreement has been in force since 1962 and is applicable to international freight transport. two or more countries. The CMR convention can also be applied in multimodal operations (sea, air or rail). Recognising the usefulness of unifying the terms of the international contract for the transport of goods by road, in particular with regard to the documents used for this transport and the responsibility of the carrier, (a) transport carried out under an international postal convention; The CMR Convention is an international agreement on the transport of goods by road. It applies to the commercial transport of goods in international relations. Provided that at least one country (shipping country or destination) has joined the CMR convention.
It should be noted that it applies only to transportation under a motor vehicle, semi-trailer and trailer transport contract. The RMC agreement is extremely useful because it combines transportation documentation, transportation by successive carriers, the terms of the contract for transporting goods by road, carrier liability, the nature of complaints and complaints, and transportation claims. Agencies operating in the field of international road transport are defined by the provisions of each country`s national law. In the case of Poland, this is determined by the road traffic law. It should be noted that the RMC Convention is used when transportation is carried out by states, organizations or government institutions. It is important that the carrier be responsible for RMC personnel when implementing the RMC agreement. "CMR" is an acronym for the French title of the convention, Convention on the International Transport Contract of Goods by Road. Article 2 of the RMC specifically regulates cumulative international traffic by distinguishing the rules according to whether or not there is a "pause". If the goods are not actually unloaded from the road vehicle, it in turn on different means of transport (i.e.: